Not understanding your history is like a leaf without a tree!
Their village Nocoroco is preserved in Tomoka State Park, just north of Ormond Beach. (Drive north in Ormond Beach on Beach Street [along the Halifax River]. Tomoka State Park is 4.3 miles north from the Granada Bridge [State Road 40].)
Spanish explorers described the Timucuans as being very tall with bodies covered by tattoos. What the Timucua language was like is a mystery to me. It is believed there were at least eleven dialects, but differences were not very great, and according to Julian Granberry, an expert in the Tumucua language, linguists know very little about all but two of the Timucuan dialects. One of them, Mocama, was used by two Spanish monks, Pareja and Movilla, when they wrote religious tracts for the Florida Native Americans in the Mocama dialect of Timucua (Granberry 6-7).
The Timucua language was already ancient by that time, but originally, according to Granberry, the “Timucua language, culture, and people were intrusive to Florida,” yet it was a “slow and gradual hybridization of the indigenous non-Timucuan peoples.” Granberry claims Timucua was spoken from the the Alachua Prairies (around Gainesville) and throughout the St. Johns River Valley (which includes Sanford, DeLand, Astor, Palatka, and Jacksonville). Timucuans seem to have been “riverine traders” rather than “invaders and conquerors. Timucua eventually became the language spoken all the way from the Okefenokee Swamp in southeastern Georgia down the Atlantic coast of Florida to Daytona Beach.
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